Montage (2 SWH)

Course MD612 | Magdalena Kallenberger, H. Hamouda

"As filmmaker, I ask questions but don't have answers. Moviemaking is a philosophical exploration. I invite the audience to come on the journey and discover what they think and feel." - David Cronenberg



AN HOMMAGE TO ...



Course Outline

The course „AN HOMMAGE TO ..." introduces students to different cinematic styles, narrative strategies and editing techniques following the path of well acclaimed directors and editors.

Course Outcome

This course guides students to understand and analyze different types of montage, its basic functions and purposes. It integrates historic reflections of montage development, theory of montage and introduces montage for film editing. Elements will be history and narrative styles of film, parameter of contextual design of the moving image, interpretations of contexts, forms of perception, linear film and interrelation of various films during film installations. Examining film excerpts and concepts throughout the history of cinema, students will be able to analyze different approaches of narrative strategies, and artistical practice to develop, produce, edit and finalize their own video works.


Keywords: Cinematic Techniques, Film Editing, Narrative Strategies



Rules for Credits


Assignment 02 – Poetry Film & List of Poets

Assignment 01 – Music Video


PDFs to download // AN HOMMAGE TO ... Hitchcock


Text 01: The beginnings of modern Arab music videos

Text 02: Some Reflections on Video Clips

Text 03+04: Montage Mon Bon Souci & Agnes Guillemot

Text 05: Yann Dedet

Text 06: Editing Principle by Pudovkin

Text 07: Editing Techniques by Van Sijl due April 19



DATE TOPIC PRACTICAL LECTURE
21/22.02.2012 Introduction Assignment 01 / MUSIC VIDEO * Reading Text 01 & Text 02
1 28/29.02.2012 Music and Media in the Arab World Music Video / visual concept presentation * Discussion Text 01 & Text 02
2 06/07.03.2012 Rhythm is everywhere Music Video / Work in Progress Presentation
MUSIC VIDEOS / The Directors Label: Chris Cunningham, Spike Jonze, Michel Gondry.

ASSIGNMENT:

3 13/14.03.2012 Arabic Music Videos Music Video / Pre-Final Presentation AN HOMMAGE TO Nadine Labaki

ASSIGNMENT:

4 20/21.03.2011 Visual Style & Manipulation of Mise en Scčne Music Video / Final Presentation Visual Narration: Language, Sounds, Tones, Voices, Texts, Poetry and divers pictorial collages
5 27/28.03.2011 Typography in Motion & Kinetic Typography Poetry Film / Introduction AN HOMMAGE TO Saul Bass

ASSIGNMENT:

6 03/04.04.2012 MIDTERM EXAMS ASSIGNMENT:
7 10/11.04.2012 Language and Sound Poetry Film / Work in Progress Presentation:
  • 1. Poem
  • 2. Storyboard
  • 3. Rough Edit
HOW TO DEFINE SPACE with Sounds, Tones and Voices.

ASSIGNMENT:

8 17/18.04.2012 Essay Film Poetry Film / FINAL Presentation AN HOMMAGE TO Walter Murch and Chris Marker
9 24/25.04.2012 The Energy of the Moment Assignment 03 / AN HOMMAGE TO ... AN HOMMAGE TO Thelma Schoonmaker

and Ibrahim El Batout

10 01/02.05.2012 Suspense Assignment 03 / AN HOMMAGE TO ... AN HOMMAGE TO Alfred Hitchcock
11 08/09.05.2012 The Secret Power of the Images Work in Progress / AN HOMMAGE TO ... AN HOMMAGE TO Takeshi Kitano
12 15/16.05.2012 Nonlinear Storylines & the Aestheticization of Violence Work in Progress / AN HOMMAGE TO ... AN HOMMAGE TO Quentin Tarantino
13 22/23.05.2012 Authenticity and Artifice Final Presentation/ AN HOMMAGE TO ... AN HOMMAGE TO Lars von Trier


Within the lecture, students have to do a report/presentation in groups of 2 (25% of the overall grade). The topics and vital information about the report/presentation are listed here. Topics will be assigned in the first meeting on Feb 21/22.



Learning Outcome, Competences

  • skills and methods of montage for narrative strategies
  • montage techniques for video and film postproduction
  • media concept development

Reference

  • Montage. Sam Rohdie, Manchester University Press, Manchester: 2006
  • Fine Cuts - The Art of European Film Editing. Roger Crittenden, Focal Press, 2006
  • In the Blink of an Eye: A Perspective on Film Editing. Walter Murch, Foreword by Francis Ford Coppola, Silman-James Press 2001
  • http://www.sensesofcinema.com


Comments of Text 01 and Text 02

(Text 01_The beginnings of modern Arab music videos //Text 02_Some Reflections on Video Clips )

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zeinab elbadrawi- 19-1980 — 28 February 2012, 14:19

I personally believe that the Arab media industry is trying to live up to the American life style (looks wise); all the porno video clips, the bikini girls, the convertible cars and dancing are all adapted from the Hollywood life style that every one dreams of. So in order to attract the attention they basically show guys/girls what they believe is the perfect life. It’s like the idea of the forbidden fruit. However we cant just say that they all cant singe and base their fame on sexually attracting audience. Some of them really do have the talent but the bonus point is the attractive video. For example Nancy Ajram, she’s a very attractive woman, and she got well known by her first video “Akhasmak Ah” a very sexual arousing video but she does have talent unlike Hayfaa Wahby who bases her whole fame on they way she dresses and how girly (sometimes inappropriate) way of singing.

On the other hand, I don’t think religion has anything to do with the society morals and beliefs, Egypt in specific was always known for the best cabarets and belly dancers, however not to the extent of half naked girls running around in their bikinis chasing rich men. My point is that Egypt respected talent, even if its dancing, and we happen to have the best belly dancers in the world. So nudity was never the case of being civil. What ever they do in the video clips now a day is inappropriate in a way but its not that horrible, we did after all grow up in a society where belly dancers are very popular and somehow respected in Egypt. I don’t think Egypt is that close-minded, yet we have to conceder the fact that imitating ‘Britney Spears’ and ‘Rihanna’ isn’t the best way to stand out or succeed.

Sandra Michel — 28 February 2012, 13:58

I totally agree with the first text regarding the fact that recently arab songs are becoming more westernized. In my opinion, older arab songs are more enjoyable since they tend to have deeper meaning than new ones. Personally, I enjoy older songs more than recent ones because of their long duration and depth in meaning, however most of the "shabab" nowadays enjoy the new music because the music industry tries to attract them by setting new trends, replacing the old and giving a feeling of new and modern music to appeal to them with a greater effect. Actors and musicians appear naked or make sexual contact with members on TV now and in the old days, however now the way they do these things evolved and increased in sexual implications which is due to the passage of time, and is viewed in different ways according to the culture or in different regions.

AlShiemaa Rafik — 28 February 2012, 11:30

REPEATED DUE TO LACK OF SPACING AFTER POSTING!!!

Text 1: “The Beginnings of Modern Arab Music Videos"

Regarding the Arab music industry, I do support the fact that they are inspired by the West. Although this is true, we didn’t receive much of their creativity. Mainly, we as Arabs use their looks and types of music beats, such as: Tamer Hosney and Amr Diab. Besides, somehow the production of Arab music clips ignores some of its countries’ traditions in which I view inappropriately.

Text 2: “What Should Sayyid Qutb Say?”

“Sex and advertising go together like spaghetti and tomato sauce.”

Despite the fact that I agree with the most of the information given in this article, I will elaborate more on the mentioned phrase. I do believe that “new media” in the Arab world treats human beings as sex objects. In other words, we can relate to the male gaze of how the media views a woman through a man’s perspective and vice versa. To advertise a certain product, the director focuses on how to attract people to that particular product. The first thing that pops in his/her mind is throughout the opposite sex; it actually works and benefits the whole company. Have you ever seen a bad looking female in a music clip/advertisement? Have you ever seen one on TV without makeup on? ... etc When it comes to men, still women are presented as sex objects in which males view the show of a man surrounded by women as, “Oh, I want that too!” This kind of repetitive act should be held in consideration as an offensive attitude. In addition to, the lack of sex education in the Arab world must be held as a major reason.

Example of Male Gaze:

Actually, these are mainly everywhere in video clips in which a woman is exposing her beauty rather than entertaining the viewers with her voice – if she had one. In these video clips, they depend on their looks and money. According to the male gaze, people can tell that these kinds of women are what men desire. In fact, these clips cause depression because of seeking perfection. But here comes the real question… Do they look like this image on reality? I believe not, in which drives us to the second point of “media manipulation.” Media nowadays are controlling our minds. Considering music clips and advertising, they are always around us in no time. Not only that, but also, they stick to our minds.

AlShiemaa Rafik — 28 February 2012, 11:28

Text 1: “The Beginnings of Modern Arab Music Videos Regarding the Arab music industry, I do support the fact that they are inspired by the West. Although this is true, we didn’t receive much of their creativity. Mainly, we as Arabs use their looks and types of music beats, such as: Tamer Hosney and Amr Diab. Besides, somehow the production of Arab music clips ignores some of its countries’ traditions in which I view inappropriately.

Text 2: “What Should Sayyid Qutb Say?” “Sex and advertising go together like spaghetti and tomato sauce.” Despite the fact that I agree with the most of the information given in this article, I will elaborate more on the mentioned phrase. I do believe that “new media” in the Arab world treats human beings as sex objects. In other words, we can relate to the male gaze of how the media views a woman through a man’s perspective and vice versa. To advertise a certain product, the director focuses on how to attract people to that particular product. The first thing that pops in his/her mind is throughout the opposite sex; it actually works and benefits the whole company. Have you ever seen a bad looking female in a music clip/advertisement? Have you ever seen one on TV without makeup on? ... etc When it comes to men, still women are presented as sex objects in which males view the show of a man surrounded by women as, “Oh, I want that too!” This kind of repetitive act should be held in consideration as an offensive attitude. In addition to, the lack of sex education in the Arab world must be held as a major reason.

Example of Male Gaze: Actually, these are mainly everywhere in video clips in which a woman is exposing her beauty rather than entertaining the viewers with her voice – if she had one. In these video clips, they depend on their looks and money. According to the male gaze, people can tell that these kinds of women are what men desire. In fact, these clips cause depression because of seeking perfection. But here comes the real question… Do they look like this image on reality? I believe not, in which drives us to the second point of “media manipulation.” Media nowadays are controlling our minds. Considering music clips and advertising, they are always around us in no time. Not only that, but also, they stick to our minds.

Nissmah Roshdy — 27 February 2012, 19:21

The text be Moataz Abdel Aziz is not entirely true to real life, I agreed that the industry's attempt to make 'shabab' songs with a faster rhythm and shorter in length than old classical ones is true but it is not trying to replace them. Music styles changes all around the world, never the less everyone still cherishes the old classics. I also agreed and can relate to the fact that video clips infuses arab minds with western traditions and habits and of the negative effect it has.

Hend Esmat — 27 February 2012, 17:47

Concerning the text of " The beginnings of modern Arab music videos":

The text depicts the whole story of how music videos initiated and was influenced by the evolution of technology through time. It also draws the attention to the fact that Arab music videos tend to be more influenced by the West. In my opinion, this matter can be a double-edged weapon. I believe that since the west are progressing in this field, we should learn from that and gain experiences from what they're producing in order to keep up with the world. For instance, if we compared a video of " Coldplay ", like strawberry swing, and any recent arabic video music, we will notice the huge gap in the creativity and art direction. So I believe that it's not wrong to admit that the West is better than us and learn from them. HOWEVER, we should not copycat anything we see. we should get influenced by them, learn the tool, and even use in a better way while remaining our culture and traditions. What's sad about this is the only things that we learn from the West are the bad manners which make a bad influence on our society and culture, such as the extra use of sexuality in the music video, using effects on the voices, which made the value of having a great voice disappear. As well as taking advantage of the music videos for advertising for certain products or sending texts and SMSes which make the viewers distracted from the song itself and concentrating in the lyrics. Not only music videos were influenced, but also the type of music and the lyrics.

Concerning the text of " What would Sayyid Qutb say?":

The text elaborates on the extra sexuality exposed in music videos and how it manipulates the minds of the society and divides them into different communities. Another approach shows how the woman should be veiled and only taking care of her husband and family. In brief, I agree with what the writer was saying which is that music videos have a huge influence on different aspects in the society which can't be ignored.

Lamiaa Diab — 27 February 2012, 16:18

Text 01 – It discusses the creation and the evolution of music videos. At first, it was very hard to produce a music video but with the technological development it became available for almost everyone. Furthermore, music videos became more commercially used. I think that both of these factors resulted in attracting non-professional people in executing some music videos just for the sake of money. Thus resulting in some poor quality music productions compared to the classical songs, which focused more on the lyrics, emotions and stage presence. Also music video productions in the Arab world progressed influenced by Western trend.

Text 02 – This text focused more on “how to sell music?’. And since phone service providers and music producers benefit from music clips, they had to have a marketing strategy to sell these music videos. And since they are targeting Youth, they used sex as a method to sell music. Furthermore it is very important to design the cover of each album because this is what attracts people.

Roba — 27 February 2012, 16:12

- Reading this text made me want to know more about the different kinds of recording tapes. - And I think it’s our job and responsibility to create a video that is entertaining and at the same time doesn’t consist of any women dressed in a violating manner. As media reflects the society and society reflects on media, we can shape how youth think and make them think more deeply. - I don’t agree with this “The new wave singers have damaged the music scene with their songs. In Europe, they are not attempting to replace the "old with the new: ' or classical with modern, as is happening now in Egypt.(MotavaUi 2002, 37).” As we can’t blame ALL the new wave singers, as some of them are good, and some of them are bad. And there are channels on television broadcasting only old songs.

Amina Shafik — 27 February 2012, 06:59

In retrospect, what I read in the assigned text has served only to strengthen my view of the Arabic Music Industry. Nowadays almost every music video out there fails to show anything but women wearing as little possible, dancing around. Whether this is due to the alleged need to imitate the Western Culture or maybe just shock people is not what I find important. What I do find peculiar is that music used to be about peoples' voices and music that accentuates it, but lately it's not about that at ALL! Previous generations of singers used to focus mainly on their lyrics and their melodies not about what they were wearing and how provocative they could be. In my opinion this was the reason behind the success of old singers. However , even though this is the phenomenon adapted by the majority of singers, there are Arab singers out there who pay more attention to what they sing rather than how they look. These I believe are the true artists.

Hoda — 22 February 2012, 05:29

write what you agree, disagree or your point of view about the issues mentioned in the text